Flashcards


Video Transcript

Survival Chinese – 50 Words to Describe Medical Symptoms and Diseases

Introduction

dàjiā hǎo! huānyíng láidàoMandarin Corner, wǒ shìEileen.
大家好!欢迎来到Mandarin Corner, 我是Eileen。
Hello everyone! Welcome to Mandarin Corner, I am Eileen.

bùguǎn zài nǎli, shēngbìng dōu shì bùkěbìmiǎn de.
不管在哪里,生病都是不可避免的。
No matter where you are, getting sick is inevitable.

suǒyǐ, jīntiān wǒmen jiù xiàng dàjiā lái jièshào yīxiē yònglái
所以,今天我们就向大家来介绍一些用来
So today we will introduce words that you can use

gēn nǐ de yīshēng men miáoshù shēntǐ zhuàngkuàng huò zhèngzhuàng de cíhuì.
跟你的医生们描述身体状况或症状的词汇。
to describe your medical symptoms to your doctors.

lìngwài, dāng nǐ hé nǐ de Zhōngguó péngyou men
另外,当你和你的中国朋友们
Also, when your Chinese friends talk to you

liáo dào guānyú yīxué fāngmiàn de huàtí,
聊到关于医学方面的话题,
about medically related topics,

nǐ yě kěnéng huì xūyào dào zhèxiē cíhuì.
你也可能会需要到这些词汇。
you might need these words in order to follow the conversation.

hǎo, nà kàn wán zhège shìpín zhīhòu ne,
好,那看完这个视频之后呢,
After watching the video,

jiù qǐng dàjiā qù mandarincorner.org xiàzǎi miǎnfèi de PDF hé
就请大家去mandarincorner.org下载免费的PDF和
please go to mandarincorner.org to download free PDF and

yīnpín wénjiàn lái fùxí shìpín zhōng de nèiróng.
音频文件来复习视频中的内容。
MP3 audio files to review the content.

lìngwài, wǒ xiǎng gēn dàjiā zài qiángdiào yīxià
另外,我想跟大家再强调一下
In addition, I would like to introduce some more

wǒmen wǎngzhàn shàng hái yǒu qítā de yīxiē miǎnfèi xuéxí zīyuán.
我们网站上还有其它的一些免费学习资源。
free learning resources that are now available on our website.

nà xiànzài wǒmen jiù lái kàn yīxià ba.
那现在我们就来看一下吧。
Let’s take a look!

Lesson

1.
tòng / 
pain / ache

wǒ quánshēn dōu tòng.
我全身都痛。
My whole body is in pain.

 

2.
suān / 
sour

zǒu le yī tiān lù le, wǒ de tuǐ hǎo suān.
走了一天路了,我的腿好酸。
After walking all day, my legs are really sour.

 

3.
zhǒng / 
to be swollen

tā de zuǒ yǎn bèi rén dǎ zhǒng le.
他的左眼被人打肿了。
He was hit on his left eye and now it’s swollen.

 

4.
yǎng / 
itch

tā de tuǐ bèi wénzi yǎo le, xiànzài hǎo yǎng.
她的腿被蚊子咬了,现在好痒。
Her legs itches a lot after being bitten by mosquitoes.

 

5.
má / 
numb

nĭ de shŏu yīdìng bèi dòng má le ba!
你的手一定被冻麻了吧!
Your hands must be numb from the cold!

 

6.
bùshūfu / 不舒服
not feeling well

tā zuìjìn shēntǐ yǒudiǎn bùshūfu.
她最近身体有点不舒服。
She recently hasn’t been feeling very well.

 

7.
shēngbìng / 生病
to get sick

wǒ hǎoxiàng shēngbìng le, nǐ néng sòng wǒ qù yīyuàn ma?
我好像生病了,你能送我去医院吗?
I seem to be sick, can you take me to the hospital?

 

8.
gǎnmào / 感冒
to have a cold / common cold

wǒ yǐjīng gǎnmào yī gè lǐbài le.
我已经感冒一个礼拜了。
I’ve already had cold for a week.

 

9.
zháoliáng / 着凉
to catch a cold

duō chuān diǎn yīfu, bùrán nǐ huì zháoliáng de.
多穿点衣服,不然你会着凉的。
Wear a little bit more clothes, otherwise you might catch a cold.

 

10.
liúgǎn / 流感
flu

zuìjìn hěn duō rén dé le liúgǎn.
最近很多人得了流感。
Recently, a lot of people have caught the flu.

 

11.
késou / 咳嗽
to cough

tā zhěnggè shàngwǔ dōu zài késou.
他整个上午都在咳嗽。
He’s been coughing the whole morning.

 

12.
fāshāo / 发烧
to have a fever

wǒ juéde wǒ fāshāo le, nǐ néng bāng wǒ liáng yīxià tǐwēn ma?
我觉得我发烧了,你能帮我量一下体温吗?
I think I am having a fever. Can you take my temperature?

 

13.
liúbítì / 流鼻涕
runny nose

wǒ liúbítì liú de hěn lìhai.
我流鼻涕流得很厉害。
I have a really bad runny nose!

 

14.
tù / 
to vomit

yóuyú yùnchē, tā yīlùshàng tù le hěn duō cì.
由于晕车,她一路上吐了很多次。
Because she got carsick, she vomited several times during the trip.

 

15.
ěxīn / 恶心
to feel nauseous / to feel like vomiting

wǒ hūrán juéde hěn ěxīn, yǒudiǎn xiǎng tù.
我忽然觉得很恶心,有点想吐。
All of sudden, I am very nauseous and I feel like vomiting.

 

16.
lādùzi / 拉肚子
to suffer from diarrhea

tā měicì hē niúnǎi doū huì lādùzi.
她每次喝牛奶都会拉肚子。
She gets diarrhea every time she drinks milk.

 

17.
chōujīn / 抽筋
cramp

a! wǒ de tuǐ chōujīn le!
啊!我的腿抽筋了!
Ah! I have a cramp on my leg!

 

18.
tóutòng / 头痛
headache

tā měitiān zǎoshang xǐng lái doū huì tóutòng.
他每天早上醒来都会头痛。
Every morning when he wakes up, he has a headache.

 

19.
tóuyūn / 头晕
dizzy

wǒ yǒudiǎn tóuyūn, xiǎng qù tǎng yīhuìr.
我有点头晕,想去躺一会儿。
I feel a little dizzy… I feel like lying down a little bit.

 

20.
shīmián / 失眠
insomnia

wǒ zuìjìn shīmián hěn yánzhòng, néng bùnéng gěi wǒ kāi yīdiǎn ānmiányào?
我最近失眠很严重,能不能给我开一点安眠药?
Recently I’ve been having really bad insomnia. Can you prescribe some sleeping pills for me?

 

21.
yátòng / 牙痛
toothache

wǒ de yá tòng le yī zhěngtiān le, nǐ néng tuījiàn yī gè hǎo yīdiǎn de yáyī ma?
我的牙痛了一整天了,你能推荐一个好一点的牙医吗?
I’ve had toothache all day.Can you recommend a good dentist?

 

22.
duì … guòmǐn / 对 … 过敏
to be allergic to

nǐ duì shénme yào guòmǐn ma?
你对什么药过敏吗?
Are you allergic to any kind of medicine?

 

23.
biànmì / 便秘
constipation

duō chī shūcài shuǐguǒ kěyǐ fángzhǐ biànmì.
多吃蔬菜水果可以防止便秘。
Eating more fruits and vegetables can prevent constipation.

 

24.
pínxuě / 贫血
anemia

yīshēng shuō wǒ yǒudiǎn pínxuě, yīnggāi duō chī diǎn hán tiě de shíwù.
医生说我有点贫血,应该多吃点含铁的食物。
The doctor said that I have anemia and should eat more food that has iron.

 

25.
yūndǎo / 晕倒
to pass out / to faint

wǒ yī kàn dào xuě jiù huì yūndǎo.
我一看到血就会晕倒。
I faint as soon as I see blood.

 

26.
shòushāng / 受伤
to be injured

wǒ de xīgài shòushāng le, zànshí bùnéng pǎobù.
我的膝盖受伤了,暂时不能跑步。
My knees were injured and I can’t run for now.

 

27.
niǔshāng / 扭伤
to sprain

tā bèi yīkuài shítou bàndǎo niǔshāng le jiǎohuái.
他被一块石头绊倒扭伤了脚踝。
He tripped on a rock and sprained his ankle.

 

28.
áizhèng / 癌症
cancer

wǒ tīngshuō tā dé le áizhèng.
我听说他得了癌症。
I heard that he got cancer.

 

29.
shíwù zhòngdú / 食物中毒
food poisoning

nǐ shíwù zhòngdú guò ma?
你食物中毒过吗?
Have you ever had food poisoning?

 

30.
xīnzàngbìng / 心脏病
heart disease

tā yīzhí dōu hěn xǐhuan chī féiròu, suǒyǐ xiànzài yǒu xīnzàngbìng.
他一直都很喜欢吃肥肉,所以现在有心脏病。
He’s always liked to eat fatty meat, so now he has heart disease.

 

31.
xīnzàngbìng fāzuò / 心脏病发作
heart attack

tā de xīnzàngbìng fāzuò le, kuài jiào jiùhùchē.
他的心脏病发作了,快叫救护车。
He is having a heart attack. Quick, call an ambulance!

 

32.
fāyán / 发炎
inflame

tā shǒu shàng de shāngkǒu fāyán le.
她手上的伤口发炎了。
The wound on her hand got inflamed.

 

33.
shuǐpào / 水泡
blister

wǒ de xié bù tài héjiǎo, zǒu duō le lù jiǎo jiù huì qǐ shuǐpào.
我的鞋不太合脚,走多了路脚就会起水泡。
My shoes don’t fit well, so if I walk a lot, my feet will develop blisters.

 

34.
méiyǒu shíyù / 没有食欲
no appetite

tā méiyǒu shíyù, shénme dōu bùxiǎng chī.
她没有食欲,什么都不想吃。
She had no appetite and didn’t want to eat anything.

 

35.
xiāohuà bùliáng / 消化不良
indigestion

wǒ chī le tài duō de yóunì shíwù le, xiànzài yǒudiǎn xiāohuà bùliáng.
我吃了太多的油腻食物了,现在有点消化不良。
I got indigestion from eating too much greasy food.

 

36.
wèitòng / 胃痛
stomachache

tā měicì hē niúnǎi doū huì wèitòng.
她每次喝牛奶都会胃痛。
She gets stomachache every time she drinks milk.

37.
hūxī kùnnan / 呼吸困难
breathing with difficulty

rúguǒ kōngqìwūrǎn hěn yánzhòng, wǒ jiù huì hūxī kùnnan.
如果空气污染很严重,我就会呼吸困难。
If the air pollution is really bad, I will have difficulty breathing.

 

38.
tángniàobìng / 糖尿病
diabetes

tā bèi zhěnduàn wéi tángniàobìng.
他被诊断为糖尿病。
He was diagnosed with diabetes.

 

39.
zhǒngliú / 肿瘤
tumor

tā zhǎng le yī gè èxìng de rǔfáng zhǒngliú.
她长了一个恶性的乳房肿瘤。
She developed a malignant breast tumour.

 

40.
shāngkǒu / 伤口
wound

bāozhā shāngkǒu zhīqián yīdìng yào qīngxǐ.
包扎伤口之前一定要清洗。
Before dressing a wound, the cut must be cleaned.

 

41.
liúxiě / 流血
to bleed

jīntiān wǒ qiē cài shí bù xiǎoxīn qiē dào le shǒu, liú le hěn duō xiě.
今天我切菜时不小心切到了手,流了很多血。
Today I accidently cut my hand while cutting the vegetables, and it bled a lot.

 

42.
chuánrǎn / 传染
to be infected with

nǐ lí wǒ yuǎn yīdiǎn, wǒ bùxiǎng bǎ gǎnmào chuánrǎn gěi nǐ.
你离我远一点,我不想把感冒传染给你。
Stay away from me! I don’t want to infect you with my cold.

 

43.
hūnmí / 昏迷
coma

tā yǐjīng hūnmí sān tiān le, jiārén dōu hěn dānxīn.
她已经昏迷三天了,家人都很担心。
He has been in coma for three days and his family is really worried.

 

44.
gāoxiěyā / gāoxuèyā / 高血压
high blood pressure

gāoxuěyā tōngcháng méiyǒu míngxiǎn de zhèngzhuàng.
高血压通常没有明显的症状。
High blood pressure usually doesn’t have any obvious symptoms.

Note: The pinyin of 血 is both xuě and xuè. However, xuě is used in speech, and xuè is used in written form. In this video, we choose to go with the oral form.

 

45.
xìngbìng / 性病
sexually transmitted disease

tā xiǎng qù yīyuàn zuò yī gè xìngbìng jiǎnchá.
他想去医院做一个性病检查。
He wants to go to the hospital and get checked for any sexually transmitted disease.

 

46.
àizībìng / 艾滋病
Aids

àizībìng shì yīzhǒng zhìmìng de jíbìng.
艾滋病是一种致命的疾病。
Aids is a deadly disease.

 

47.
gēshāng / 割伤
to cut yourself

tā guāhúzi de shíhou bù xiǎoxīn bǎ zìjǐ gēshāng le.
他刮胡子的时候不小心把自己割伤了。
He accidently cut himself when he was shaving.

 

48.
shàishāng / 晒伤
sunburn

wǒ shàngzhōu zài hǎitān shàng shuìzháo le, ránhòu bèi shàishāng le.
我上周在海滩上睡着了,然后被晒伤了。
I got sunburn when I fell asleep on the beach last week.

 

49.
bìngdú / 病毒
virus

liúgǎn shì yóu bìngdú yǐnqǐ de.
流感是由病毒引起的。
Flu is caused by a virus.

 

50.
xìjūn / 细菌
bacteria / germ

xiāodú shuǐnéng shāsǐ dàbùfen de xìjūn.
消毒水能杀死大部分的细菌。
Disinfectants can kill most germs.

Conclusion


hǎo, jīntiān de shìpín jiù dào zhèlǐ.
好,今天的视频就到这里。
Alright! That’s it for today.

rúguǒ nǐ xǐhuan zhège shìpín dehuà,
如果你喜欢这个视频的话,
If like this video,

nà jiù qǐng gěi tā diǎn gè zàn,
那就请给它点个赞,
please give it a “like”,

bìng yǔ nǐ de hǎoyǒu men fēnxiǎng.
并与你的好友们分享。
and share it with your friends.

yě qǐng liúyán gàosu wǒmen nǐ duì zhège shìpín de kànfǎ.
也请留言告诉我们你对这个视频的看法。
Also, leave us a comment regarding your thoughts about this video.

rúguǒ nǐ xǐhuan wǒmen píndào hé wǎngzhàn shàng de nèiróng,
如果你喜欢我们频道和网站上的内容,
If you like the content on our channel and website,

bìng xiǎng bāngzhù wǒmen jìxù tígōng zhèlèi nèiróng,
并想帮助我们继续提供这类内容,
and you’d like to help us continue providing this type of content,

nàme qǐng kǎolǜ zài Patreon shàng zhīchí wǒmen
那么请考虑在Patreon上支持我们
please consider supporting us on Patreon

huò shǐyòng PayPal jìnxíng yīcìxìng juānzèng.
或使用PayPal进行一次性捐赠。
or making a one-time donation through PayPal.

liànjiē jiù zài shìpín de xiàfāng!
链接就在视频的下方!
Links are below!

zuìhòu, qǐng hái méiyǒu dìngyuè de rén dìngyuè wǒmen de píndào
最后,请还没有订阅的人订阅我们的频道
Finally, if you haven’t subscribed to our channel, please subscribe

wǒmen xiàcì jiàn!
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See you next time!

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