Flashcards


Video Transcript

Survival Chinese – 30 Words to Describe Personalities
Introduction:

Dàjiā hǎo, huānyíng lái dào Mandarin Corner, wǒ shì Eileen.
大家好,欢迎来到Mandarin Corner,我是Eileen。
Hello, everyone! Welcome to Mandarin Corner, I am Eileen.

Jīntiān wǒmen yào xué de shì sānshí gè yòng lái miáoshù xìnggé de cíhuì.
今天我们要学的是三十个用来描述性格的词汇。
Today we are going to learn 30 words that can be used to describe personalities.

Měigè rén de xìnggé dōu bù yīyàng,
每个人的性格都不一样,
Every one has different personality,

wǒ xīwàng nǐmen guānkàn wán zhège shìpín hòu,
我希望你们观看完这个视频后,
I hope after watching this video,

yě néng yòng zhōngwén lái miáoshù nǐ zìjǐ huò biéren de xìnggé.
也能用中文来描述你自己或别人的性格。
you can also describe other people’s or your personality in Chinese.

Zhège shìpín de PDF hé yīnpín wénjiàn kě zài mandarincorner.org
这个视频的PDF和音频文件可在mandarincorner.org
This video’s PDF and audio file can be downloaded at mandarincorner.org’s

de “video learning resources” yèmiàn miǎnfèi xiàzǎi.
的“video learning resources” 页面免费下载。
“video learning resources” page. They are free!

Hǎo, nà jiē xiàlái wǒmen jiù yīqǐ lái kànkan jīntiān yào xué de nèiróng ba.
好,那接下来我们就一起来看看今天要学的内容吧。
Alright, now let’s take a look at today’s lesson!

Lesson

1.
wàixiàng / 外向
extroverted

Wǒ dìdi cóngxiǎo xìnggé wàixiàng.
我弟弟从小性格外向。
My younger brother has been an extrovert since childhood.

我    wǒ        my
弟弟  dìdi      younger brother
从小  cóngxiǎo  from childhood
性格  xìnggé    character
外向  wàixiàng  extroverted (personality)

 

2.
nèixiàng / 内向
introverted

Tā tiānshēng xìnggé nèixiàng, xǐhuan yīgèrén dāizhe.
他天生性格内向,喜欢一个人待着。
He is an introvert and likes to stay alone.

他      tā         he or him
天生    tiānshēng  nature
性格    xìnggé     character
内向    nèixiàng   introverted
喜欢    xǐhuan     to like
一个人  yīgèrén    alone (without company)
待      dāi        to stay
着      zhe        aspect particle indicating action in progress

 

3.
yǒnggǎn / 勇敢
brave, courageous

Zhège xiǎo nǚhái zhēn yǒnggǎn, dǎzhēn de shíhou yīxià dōu méiyǒu kū.
这个小女孩真勇敢,打针的时候一下都没有哭。
This girl is very brave and she didn’t even cry when getting an injection.

这个    zhège    this
小      xiǎo     young
女孩    nǚhái    girl
真      zhēn     really
勇敢    yǒnggǎn  brave / courageous
打针    dǎzhēn   to give or have an injection
的      de       used after an attribute
时候    shíhou   time (when)
一下    yīxià    once
都      dōu      (used for emphasis) even
没有    méiyǒu   hasn't
哭      kū       to cry

 

4.
dǎnxiǎo / 胆小
coward

Tā hěn dǎnxiǎo, bù gǎn kàn kǒngbùpiàn.
她很胆小,不敢看恐怖片。
She is such a coward that she doesn’t even dare to watch horror movies.

她       tā          she
很       hěn         very
胆小     dǎnxiǎo     coward
不       bù          not
敢       gǎn         to dare
看       kàn         to watch
恐怖片   kǒngbùpiàn  horror movie

 

5.
chéngshú / 成熟
mature

Yī chuānshang gāogēnxié, tā xiǎnde chéngshú duō le.
一穿上高跟鞋,她显得成熟多了。
She appeared to be much more mature the moment she put on her high-heeled shoes.

一 yī    as           soon as
穿上     chuānshang   to put on (clothes, etc.)
高跟鞋   gāogēnxié    high-heeled shoes
她       tā           she
显得     xiǎnde       to appear
成熟     chéngshú     mature
多       duō          more
了       le           used to indicate changes of states

 

6.
yòuzhì / 幼稚
childish, naive

Nǐ tài yòuzhì le! Shuí de huà dōu xiāngxìn!
你太幼稚了!谁的话都相信!
You are so naive! You believe anybody!

你     nǐ         you
太     tài        very
幼稚   yòuzhì     childish, naive
了     le         used to form a 太/tài...了/le sentence pattern
谁     shuí       who
的     de ~'s     (possessive particle)
话     huà        talk / words
都     dōu        all
相信   xiāngxìn   to believe

 

7.
hàixiū / 害羞
shy

Hé jiějie xiāngbǐ, tā bǐjiào hàixiū.
和姐姐相比,她比较害羞。
She is shy compared with her sister.

和     hé       with
姐姐   jiějie   older sister
相比   xiāngbǐ  to compare
她     tā       she
比较   bǐjiào   relatively
害羞   hàixiū   shy

 

8.
jiàntán / 健谈
talkative (in a positive way- a good talker)

Wǒ cóngméi jiàn guò xiàng tā zhème jiàntán de rén.
我从没见过像他这么健谈的人。
I have never met such a good talker!

我     wǒ        I
从没   cóngméi   never (in the past)
见     jiàn      to see / to meet
过     guò       experienced action marker
像     xiàng     to be like
他     tā        he or him
这么   zhème     so much
健谈   jiàntán   talkative (in a positive way- a good talker)
的     de        used after an attribute
人     rén       person

 

9.
shànliáng / 善良
kindhearted

Tā shuōhuà suīrán nántīng, nèixīn què hěn shànliáng.
他说话虽然难听,内心却很善良。
His remarks are rude, but he is kind at heart.

他     tā         he or him
说话   shuōhuà    to talk
虽然   suīrán     even though
难听   nántīng    unpleasant to hear
内心   nèixīn     heart
却     què        yet
很     hěn        very
善良   shànliáng  kindhearted

 

10.
huópō / 活泼
lively

Zài wǒ yǎn lǐ tā shì gè hěn huópō de nǚhái.
在我眼里她是个很活泼的女孩。
To me, she feels like a very lively girl.

在     zài    (to be) in
我     wǒ     my
眼     yǎn    eye
里     lǐ     inside
她     tā     she
是     shì    is
个     gè     classifier for people
很     hěn    very
活泼   huópō  lively
的     de     used after an attribute
女孩   nǚhái  girl

 

11.
yōumò / 幽默
humourous

Wǒ de lǎoshī hěn yōumò, zǒngshì bǎ xuésheng dòuxiào.
我的老师很幽默,总是把学生逗笑。
My teacher is very humourous and he is always making students laugh.

我     wǒ         my
的     de ~'s     (possessive particle)
老师   lǎoshī     teacher
很     hěn        very
幽默   yōumò      humorous
总是   zǒngshì    always
把     bǎ         particle marking the following noun as a direct object
学生   xuésheng   student
逗笑   dòuxiào    to amuse / to cause to smile

 

12.
yánsù / 严肃
Serious (in character and appearance)

Tā zhè rén tài yánsù le, shuí jiàn le tā dōu hàipà.
他这人太严肃了,谁见了他都害怕。
He looks so serious that everyone fears him.

他     tā     he or him
这     zhè    this
人     rén    person
太     tài    very
严肃   yánsù  solemn / serious
了     le     used to form a 太/tài...了/le sentence pattern
谁     shuí   who
见     jiàn   to see
了     le     modal particle intensifying preceding clause
他     tā     he or him
都     dōu    all
害怕   hàipà  to be scared

 

13.
qínkuài / 勤快
hardworking, diligent

Tā shì gè qínkuài de xiǎohuǒzi, dàjiā dōu hěn xǐhuan tā.
他是个勤快的小伙子,大家都很喜欢他。
He is a hardworking young man and everybody likes him.

他      tā         he or him
是      shì        is
个      gè         classifier for people
勤快    qínkuài    diligent / hardworking
的      de         used after an attribute
小伙子  xiǎohuǒzi  young man
大家    dàjiā      everyone
都      dōu        all
很      hěn        very
喜欢    xǐhuan     to like
他      tā         he or him

 

14.
lǎnduò / 懒惰
lazy

Nǐ shuō tā lǎnduò, zhēnshi yīdiǎn yě bùcuò.
你说他懒惰,真是一点也不错。
You’re right when you said that he was lazy!

你     nǐ       you
说     shuō     to say
他     tā       he or him
懒惰   lǎnduò   lazy
真是   zhēnshi  indeed / truly
一点   yīdiǎn   a bit
也     yě       also
不错   bùcuò    right

 

15.
làngmàn / 浪漫
romantic

Tā hěn kāixīn yǒu zhème yī gè làngmàn de nánpéngyou.
她很开心有这么一个浪漫的男朋友。
She is very happy that she has such a romantic boyfriend.

她       tā          she
很       hěn         very
开心     kāixīn      to feel happy
有       yǒu         to have
这么     zhème       so much
一       yī          one
个       gè          classifier for people
浪漫     làngmàn     romantic
的       de          used after an attribute
男朋友   nánpéngyou  boyfriend

 

16.
gùzhí / 固执
obstinate, stubborn

Tā tài gùzhí le, shuí de yìjiàn yě tīngbùjìnqu.
她太固执了,谁的意见也听不进去。
She is so stubborn that she doesn’t want to listen to anybody.

她          tā          she
太          tài         very
固执        gùzhí       obstinate / stubborn
了          le          used to form a 太/tài...了/le sentence pattern
谁          shuí        who
的          de          of
意见        yìjiàn      suggestion
也          yě          also
听不进去    tīngbùjìnqu  not to listen / to be deaf to

 

17.
chōngdòng / 冲动
impulsive, impulse

Tā yīshí chōngdòng mǎi le zhè liàng chē.
他一时冲动买了这辆车。
He bought his car on impulse.

他    tā         he or him
一时  yīshí      temporary / momentary
冲动  chōngdòng  impulsive, impulse
买    mǎi        to buy
了    le         completed action marker
这    zhè        this
辆    liàng      classifier for vehicles
车    chē        car

 

18.
lèguān / 乐观
optimistic

Wúlùn fāshēng shénme shì, tā zǒngshì nàme lèguān.
无论发生什么事,他总是那么乐观。
No matter what happens, he always has an optimistic outlook.

无论   wúlùn    no matter what or how
发生   fāshēng  to happen
什么   shénme   what
事     shì      thing
他     tā       he or him
总是   zǒngshì  always
那么   nàme     so
乐观   lèguān   optimistic

 

19.
bēiguān / 悲观
pessimistic

Bùyào zhème bēiguān, yào kàn dào shìqing jījí de yīmiàn.
不要这么悲观,要看到事情积极的一面。
Don’t be so pessimistic. Try to look at the bright side.

不要  bùyào    don't!
这么  zhème    so much
悲观  bēiguān  pessimistic
要    yào      must
看    kàn      to look at
到    dào      verb complement denoting completion or result of an action
事情  shìqing  thing
积极  jījí     positive (outlook)
的    de       used after an attribute
一面  yīmiàn   one side

 

20.
tǐtiē / 体贴
considerate (of other people’s needs)

Tā duì tā de zhàngfu hěn tǐtiē.
她对她的丈夫很体贴。
She is very considerate towards her husband.

她    tā       she
对    duì      towards
她    tā       she
的    de ~'s   (possessive particle)
丈夫  zhàngfu  husband
很    hěn      very
体贴  tǐtiē    considerate (of other people's needs)

 

21.
xūwěi / 虚伪
hypocritical

Tā zhège rén hěn xūwěi, bùzhídé xìnrèn.
他这个人很虚伪,不值得信任。
He is a hypocrite and should not be trusted.

他      tā       he or him
这个    zhège    this
人      rén      person
很      hěn      very
虚伪    xūwěi    hypocritical
不值得  bùzhídé  unworthy
信任    xìnrèn   to trust

 

22.
bàozào / 暴躁
irritable by nature, short-tempered

Bié rě tā, tā de píqi hěn bàozào.
别惹他,他的脾气很暴躁。
Don’t mess with him, he’s got a bad temper.

别     bié      do not
惹     rě       to provoke / to irritate
他     tā       he or him
他     tā       he or him
的     de ~'s   (possessive particle)
脾气   píqi     temperament
很     hěn      very
暴躁   bàozào   irritable / violent

 

23.
yǒushàn / 友善
friendly

Tā wàixiàng ér yǒushàn, gēn rén xiāngchǔ de hěn hǎo.
他外向而友善,跟人相处得很好。
He is outgoing and friendly, and gets along well with people.

他    tā         he or him
外向  wàixiàng   extroverted (personality)
而    ér         and
友善  yǒushàn    friendly
跟    gēn        with
人    rén        people
相处  xiāngchǔ   to get along (with one another)
得    de         links a verb or adjective to a complement which describes manner or degree
很    hěn        very
好    hǎo        well

 

24.
dàfang / 大方
generous

Tā hěn dàfang, zǒngshì qǐng péngyou hējiǔ.
他很大方,总是请朋友喝酒。
He is very generous and always pays for his friends’ drinks.

他     tā       he or him
很     hěn      very
大方   dàfang   generous
总是   zǒngshì  always
请     qǐng     to treat (to a meal, etc.)
朋友   péngyou  friend
喝酒   hējiǔ    to drink (alcohol)

 

25.
xiǎoqì / 小气
stingy

Tā hěn xiǎoqì, shěbude huāqián.
他很小气,舍不得花钱。
He is very stingy and can’t bear to spend money.

他      tā        he or him
很      hěn       very
小气    xiǎoqì    stingy
舍不得  shěbude   to hate to do sth
花钱    huāqián   to spend money

 

26.
qiānxū / 谦虚
modest

Tā hěn qiānxū, cóngláibù xuànyào tā de chénggōng.
他很谦虚,从来不炫耀他的成功。
He is very modest and never shows off his success.

他      tā         he or him
很      hěn        very
谦虚    qiānxū     modest
从来不  cóngláibù  never
炫耀    xuànyào    to show off
他      tā         he or him
的      de ~'s     (possessive particle)
成功    chénggōng  success

 

27.
zìsī / 自私
selfish

Tā fēicháng zìsī, zǒngshì zhǐ guānxīn zìjǐ.
他非常自私,总是只关心自己。
He is very selfish. He only cares about himself.

他    tā        he or him
非常  fēicháng  very
自私  zìsī      selfish
总是  zǒngshì   always
只    zhǐ       only
关心  guānxīn   to be concerned about / to care about
自己  zìjǐ      oneself

 

28.
rèqíng / 热情
warm-hearted

Tā duì rén rèqíng chéngkěn, dàjiā dōu yuànyì gēn tā zuò péngyou.
他对人热情诚恳,大家都愿意跟他做朋友。
He is warm-hearted and sincere. Everyone wants to be his friend.

他     tā        he or him
对     duì       towards
人     rén       people
热情   rèqíng    warm-hearted
诚恳   chéngkěn  sincere
大家   dàjiā     everyone
都     dōu       all
愿意   yuànyì    to want
跟     gēn       with
他     tā        he or him
做     zuò       to make
朋友   péngyou   friend

 

29.
jiānqiáng / 坚强
strong

Tā yīxiàng shì gè jiānqiáng de rén, rènhé kùnnan dōu dǎbudǎo tā.
她一向是个坚强的人,任何困难都打不倒她。
She has always been a strong person and will not be defeated by any difficulties.

她      tā         she
一向    yīxiàng    always (previously)
是      shì        is
个      gè         classifier for people
坚强    jiānqiáng  strong
的      de         used after an attribute
人      rén        person
任何    rènhé      any
困难    kùnnan     difficult situation
都      dōu        all
打不倒  dǎbudǎo    be unconquerable
她      tā         she

 

30.
tānxīn / 贪心
greedy

Zhège tānxīn de nánhái yīgèrén bǎ bīngqílín quán chī le.
这个贪心的男孩一个人把冰淇淋全吃了。
The greedy boy ate all the ice-cream himself.

这个     zhège      this
贪心     tānxīn     greedy
的       de         used after an attribute
男孩     nánhái     boy
一个人   yīgèrén    by oneself (without assistance)
把       bǎ         particle marking the following noun as a direct object
冰淇淋   bīngqílín  ice cream
全       quán       all
吃       chī        to eat
了       le         completed action marker
Conclusion:


Hǎo le, jīntiān de kèchéng jiù dào cǐ wéizhǐ!
好了,今天的课程就到此为止!
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