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391 涨/zhǎng
To Rise (of prices, rivers)
Fángdōng gāng gēn wǒ shuō xià ge yuè yào kāishǐ zhǎng fángzū le.
房东刚跟我说下个月要开始涨房租了。
My landlord just told me that the rent will rise starting from next month.

 

392 掌握/zhǎngwò
To Grasp/To Master
Tōngguò kèkǔ xuéxí, tā zhǎngwò le hǎojǐ mén wàiyǔ.
通过刻苦学习,他掌握了好几门外语。
He mastered several foreign languages through hard work.

 

393 招待/zhāodài
To Entertain/To Receive (guests)
Liǎngkǒuzi rèqíng de zhāodài le kèrén.
两口子热情地招待了客人。
The couple received the guests warmly.

 

394 着凉/zháoliáng
To Catch a Cold
Wàimian yŏudiăn lĕng, dāngxīn zháoliáng.
外面有点冷,当心着凉。
It’s chilly outside, be careful not to catch a cold.

 

395 召开/zhàokāi
To Convene (a conference or meeting)
Dǒngshìhuì zhàokāi le huìyì xuǎnjǔ xīn zhǔxí.
董事会召开了会议选举新主席。
The board of directors convened a meeting to choose a new chairman.

 

396 针对/zhēnduì
To Direct At/To Be Aimed At
Wŏ de huà bìngfēi zhēnduì nĭ.
我的话并非针对你。
My words were not aimed at you.

 

397 珍惜/zhēnxī
To Value/To Treasure
Nĭ yào zhēnxī mĕi yī gè shùnjiān.
你要珍惜每一个瞬间。
Treasure every moment you have.

 

398 诊断/zhěnduàn
To Diagnose
Tā bèi zhěnduàn wèi áizhèng, zhǐ shèng sān gè yuè de shíjiān le.
她被诊断为癌症,只剩三个月的时间了。
She was diagnosed with cancer and only has three months left.

 

399 振动/zhèndòng
To Shake/Vibration
Chēzi de zhèndòng ràng wŏ gănjué bù shūfu.
车子的振动让我感觉不舒服。
The vibration of the car was making me sick.

Hanban stressed this word as a verb. However, we are using it in the sentence sample as a noun, because in normal speech, it is usually used as a noun.

 

400 睁/zhēng
To Open (one’s eyes)
Bǎ nǐ de yǎnjing zhēng dà diǎnr.
把你的眼睛睁大点儿。
Open your eyes wide.

 

401 争论/zhēnglùn
To Argue
Wǒ xiànzài méiyǒu shíjiān gēn nǐ zhēnglùn.
我现在没有时间跟你争论。
I don’t have time to argue with you right now.

 

402 争取/zhēngqǔ
To Strive For
Zánmen chènzǎo dòngshēn, zhēngqǔ shí diǎn yǐqián gǎndào.
咱们趁早动身,争取十点以前赶到。
Let’s start off early and try to get there by ten.

 

403 征求/zhēngqiú
To Solicit/To Request (opinions, feedback, etc.)
Wŏ xiăng zhēngqiú yīxià nĭ duì zhège jìhuà de jiànyì.
我想征求一下你对这个计划的建议。
I would like to ask for your advice about the plan.

 

404 挣钱/zhèngqián
To Make Money
Zuò zhège mǎimai bùdàn bù zhèngqián, wǒ hái děi tiēqián ne.
做这个买卖不但不挣钱,我还得贴钱呢。
I not only fail to make money out of the business, but have to run it at a loss.

 

405 治疗/zhìliáo
To Treat (illness)
Zhè jiā yīyuàn zhuānmén zhìliáo jīngshénbìng.
这家医院专门治疗精神病。
This hospital specializes in treating the mentally ill.

 

406 执行/zhíxíng
To Execute
Yī míng lǜshī bèi xuǎndìng lái zhíxíng gāi yízhǔ.
一名律师被选定来执行该遗嘱。
An attorney was chosen to execute the will.

 

407 指导/zhǐdǎo
To Guide
Tā rènwéi tā yǒu zhízé zhǐdǎo hé xiézhù niánqīng yǒu qiántú de yīnyuèjiā.
他认为他有职责指导和协助年轻有前途的音乐家。
He thinks that he has the responsibility to guide and assist young up-and-coming musicians.

 

408 制定/zhìdìng
To Draft/To Draw Up
Wǒmen jiāng zhìdìng yī gè chángyuǎn guīhuà.
我们将制定一个长远规划。
We are going to draw up a long-range plan.

 

409 指挥/zhǐhuī
To Command/To Direct
Zuótiān de yīnyuèhuì shì yóu shuí zhǐhuī de?
昨天的音乐会是由谁指挥的?
Who directed yesterday’s concert?

 

410 制作/zhìzuò
To Make
Wǒmen zhìzuò zhèzhǒng dàngāo xūyào duōshao miànfěn?
我们制作这种蛋糕需要多少面粉?
What amount of flour do we need to make this cake?

 

411 煮/zhǔ
To Boil
Xiān zhǔ tǔdòu, ránhòu tú gǎnlǎnyóu, zuìhòu zài kǎoxiāng zhōng kǎo shú.
先煮土豆,然后涂橄榄油,最后在烤箱中烤熟。
Boil the potatoes, brush them with some olive oil and then finish them off in the oven.

 

412 主持/zhŭchí
To Host/To Preside Over
Wŏ bèi yāoqĭng zhŭchí zhège huìyì.
我被邀请主持这个会议。
I was asked to preside over the meeting.

 

413 嘱咐/zhŭfu
To Instruct/To Advise
Yīshēng zhŭfu wŏ zhàngfu shăo xīyān.
医生嘱咐我丈夫少吸烟。
The doctor advised my husband to cut down on smoking.

 

414 注册/zhùcè
To Register
Wǒ zài zhège wǎngzhàn shàng zhùcè le.
我在这个网站上注册了。
I registered at the website.

 

415 抓紧/zhuājǐn
To Firmly Grasp/To Hurry
Rúguǒ nǐ bù zhuājǐn dehuà, nǐ jiù huì gǎnbushàng huǒchē.
如果你不抓紧的话,你就会赶不上火车。
If you don’t hurry, you’ll miss the train.

 

416 转变/zhuǎnbiàn
To Change
Tā duì wǒ de tàidu hūrán zhuǎnbiàn le.
她对我的态度忽然转变了。
All of a sudden, her attitude towards me changed.

 

417 转告/zhuǎngào
To Transmit/To Pass On (word)
Qǐng zhuǎngào tā gěi wǒ huí gè diànhuà.
请转告他给我回个电话。
Please tell him to call me.

 

418 装/zhuāng
To Install
Wǒmen cūn jiājiāhùhù dōu zhuāng shàng le diàndēng.
我们村家家户户都装上了电灯。
Electric lights have been installed in every house in our village.

 

419 装饰/zhuāngshì
To Decorate
Wǒ mǎi le yīxiē xiānhuā lái zhuāngshì wǒ de wòshì.
我买了一些鲜花来装饰我的卧室。
I bought some flowers to decorate my bedroom.

 

420 追求/zhuīqiú
To Pursue/To Chase After
Bùzhǐ yī gè nǚhái zài zhuīqiú nàge nánhái.
不止一个女孩在追求那个男孩。
There’s more than one girl chasing after that guy.

 

421 咨询/zīxún
To Consult/To Seek Advice
Rúguǒ nǐ yǒusuǒ dānxīn, jiù qù zīxún nǐ de yīshēng.
如果你有所担心,就去咨询你的医生。
If you’re worried, go to your doctor for advice.

 

422 自愿/zìyuàn
To Volunteer
Tā zìyuàn qù zuò nà gōngzuò.
他自愿去做那工作。
He volunteered to do the job.

 

423 组合/zǔhé
To Combine
Bǎ zhèxiē bùjiàn zǔhé hòu, wǒmen jiù kěyǐ gěi tāmen tōngdiàn le.
把这些部件组合后,我们就可以给它们通电了。
After putting these components together, we can connect them to the power.

 

424 阻止/zǔzhǐ
To Prevent/To Stop
Wǒ xiǎng zǔzhǐ wǒ bàba chōuyān, dàn tā bù tīng wǒ de.
我想阻止我爸爸抽烟,但他不听我的。
I want to prevent my dad from smoking, but he doesn’t listen to me.

 

425 醉/zuì
To Get Drunk
Bùyào zài gěi tā jiǔ le, tā yǐjīng zuì le.
不要再给她酒了,她已经醉了。
Don’t give her alcohol any more, she is already drunk!

 

426 遵守/zūnshǒu
To Observe/To Abide By
Rúguǒ zuòchū chéngnuò, nǐ jiù gāi qù zūnshǒu!
如果做出承诺,你就该去遵守!
If you make a promise, you should keep it!

 

427 尊重/zūnzhòng
To Respect
Wǒmen bìxū zūnzhòng tārén de yǐnsī.
我们必须尊重他人的隐私。
We must respect other people’s privacy.

 

428 作为/zuòwéi
In The Capacity/To Regard As
Nǐ zuòwéi lǐngdǎo, jiù yīnggāi yǐshēnzuòzé.
你作为领导,就应该以身作则。
As a leader, you should set a good example for others.

Flashcards

HSK 5 – Verbs 391 to 428

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