Vocabulary Organized By Topic

Eating and Drinking

General Terms 

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Ω Word List in Alphabetical Order:

assorted cold dishes 拼盘 pīn pán
bitter
breakfast 早餐 zǎocān
buffet 自助餐 zì zhù cān
Chinese food 中餐 zhōng cān
Chinese food (another way to say it) 中国菜 zhōng guó cài
cold dish 冷盘 lěng pán
delicious 好吃 hǎo chī
dinner 晚餐 wǎncān
drink (beverage) 饮料 yǐn liào
drink (to)
dry gān
eat a meal (to) 吃饭 chī fàn
food 食物 shíwù
fresh 新鲜 xīnxiān
frozen 冰冻的 bīngdòng de
full (from eating food) bǎo
grain 粮食 liáng shi
help yourself  (to) 自己来 zìjǐ lái
home-style meal 家常便饭 jiā cháng biàn fàn
hot (spicy)
hot (boiling / scalding) tàng
hungry 饿 è
invite someone to eat 请客 qǐng kè
late-night snack 宵夜 xiāo yè
lunch 午餐 wǔcān
measure word for meal courses dào
measure word for meals dùn
not fond certain food 吃不来 chī bu lái
odor 气味 qì wèi
oily 油腻 yóunì
salty xián
set the table (to) bǎi
smell (to) wén
smells good (fragrant) xiāng
snacks 零食 líng shí
sour suān
specialty dish 拿手菜 ná shǒu cài
spoiled sōu
strong (taste, flavor, smell)  nóng
sweet tián
taste 味道 wèi dao
taste (to) cháng
taste (bad) 难吃 nán chī
taste (weak or bland) dàn
tender nèn
thirsty 口渴 kǒu kě
tough (food - also: overdone) lǎo
unable to eat any more 吃不下 chī bu xià
vegetarian 吃素的人 chīsù de rén
western food 西餐 xī cān

At The Restaurant

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Ω Word List in Alphabetical Order:

ask for the bill (to) 买单 mǎi dān
bill 账单 zhàngdān
cafeteria (in school, university, etc) 食堂 shí táng
coffee shop  咖啡馆 kā fēi guǎn
dining room (or dining hall) 饭厅 fàn tīng
manager (or boss) 老板 lǎo bǎn
menu 菜单 càidān
order food (to) 点菜 diǎn cài
ordering take-out food that is delivered 外卖 wài mài
restaurant (one of three ways to say this) 饭店 fàn diàn
restaurant (one of three ways to say this) 餐馆 cān guǎn
restaurant (one of three ways to say this) 餐厅 cāntīng
tip 小费 xiǎofèi
to bag the leftovers or get take-out food 打包 dǎ bāo
waiter (or waitress) 服务员 fúwùyuán

Food Types

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Ω Word List in Alphabetical Order:

barbecue 烧烤 shāo kǎo
beef 牛肉 niúròu

biscuits 饼干 bǐng gān
boiled eggs 煮蛋 zhǔ dàn
bread 面包 miànbāo
butter 黄油 huángyóu
cake 蛋糕 dàngāo
candy 糖果 tángguǒ
cheese 奶酪 nǎilào
chewing gum 口香糖 kǒu xiāng táng
chicken
chicken breast 鸡排 jī pái
chocolate 巧克力 qiǎokèlì
cream 奶油 nǎiyóu
fast food 快餐 kuài cān

fried eggs 煎蛋 jiān dàn
garlic suàn
ginger 生姜 shēng jiāng
ham 火腿 huǒtuǐ
hamburger 汉堡 hànbǎo
ice cream 冰淇淋 bīng qí lín
jam 果酱 guǒ jiàng
lamb 羊肉 yángròu
meat ròu
oil yóu
pancake 煎饼 jiān bǐng
pasta / spaghetti 意大利面 yìdàlì miàn
peanuts 花生米 huāshēng mǐ
pizza 披萨 pī sà
pork 猪肉 zhūròu
potato chips 薯片 shǔ piàn
salad 沙拉 shālā
sandwich 三明治 sānmíngzhì
scrambled eggs 炒蛋 chǎo dàn
seafood 海鲜 hǎixiān
sesame oil 芝麻油 zhī ma yóu
shrimp xiā
soup tāng
steak 牛排 niúpái
sugar táng
toast 烤面包 kǎo miànbāo
vegetable dish 素菜 sù cài
yoghurt 酸奶 suān nǎi

Vegetables

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Ω Word List in Alphabetical Order:

asparagus 芦笋 lú sǔn
bitter melon 苦瓜 kǔ guā

broccoli 西兰花 xī lánhuā
cabbage 白菜 báicài
carrot 胡萝卜 húluóbo
cauliflower 花菜 huā cài
celery 芹菜 qíncài
corn 玉米 yù mǐ
cilantro 香菜 xiāng cài

cucumber 黄瓜 huáng guā
eggplant 茄子 qié zi
green peas 豌豆 wān dòu
green peppers 青椒 qīng jiāo
lettuce 生菜 shēngcài
mushroom 蘑菇 mó gu
onions 洋葱 yáng cōng
potatoes 土豆 tǔdòu
radish 萝卜 luó bo
spinach 菠菜 bōcài
string beans 四季豆 sì jì dòu
tomato 番茄 fān qié
vegetable 蔬菜 shūcài

Fruits

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Ω Word List in Alphabetical Order:

apple 苹果 píngguǒ
apricot 杏子 xìng zi
banana 香蕉 xiāngjiāo
coconut 叶子 yè zi
fruit 水果 shuǐguǒ
grape 葡萄 pútáo
lemon 柠檬 níng méng
ly’chee 荔枝 lì zhī
mango 芒果 máng guǒ
orange 橙子 chéng zi
papaya 木瓜 mù guā
peach 桃子 táo zi
pear 梨子 lí zi
pineapple 菠萝 bō luó
plum 李子 lǐ zi
raspberry 木莓 mù méi
strawberry 草莓 cǎo méi
tangerine 橘子 jú zi
watermelon 西瓜 xīguā

Chinese Food

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Ω Word List in Alphabetical Order:

bamboo shoots 竹笋 zhú sǔn
bean shoots 豆芽 dòu yá
beef noodle soup 牛肉面 niú ròu miàn
bun (steam) 馒头 mán tou
bun (steamed and stuffed) 包子 bāo zi
cake (with baked sesame seed) 烧饼 shāo bing
Cantonese food 粤菜 Yuè cài
deep fried dough stick 油条 yóu tiáo
deep fried pancake 油饼 yóu bǐng
dim sum 点心 diǎn xin
duck (boiled and salted) 盐水鸭 yánshuǐ yā
duck (Peking) 烤鸭 kǎo yā
dumplings (boiled) 水饺 shuǐ jiǎo
dumplings (stuffed with vegetable and/or meat) 饺子 jiǎozi
egg roll 春卷 chūn juǎn
fried noodles (chow mein) 炒面 chǎo miàn
hot pot 火锅 huǒguō
kung pao chicken 宫保鸡丁 gōng bǎo jī dīng
mapo tofu (stir-fried beancurd in chili sauce) 麻婆豆腐 má pó dòu fǔ
noodle shop 面馆 miàn guǎn
noodles 面条 miàntiáo
north east food 东北菜 dōngběi cài
plain cut chicken 白切鸡 bái qiē jī
pork (sweet and sour) 糖醋肉 táng cù ròu
pork (twice cooked pork) 回锅肉 huí guō ròu
pork braised in red sauce 红烧肉 hóng shāo ròu
porridge (congee) zhōu
pot - stickers (fried dumpling) 锅贴 guō tiē
rice - cooked 米饭 mǐ fàn
rice - white 白饭 bái fàn
rice (fried) 炒饭 chǎo fàn
rice (uncooked)
rice-flour noodles 米粉 mǐ fěn
Sichuan food 四川菜 sìchuān cài
tofu (bean curd) 豆腐 dòu fu
tomatoes and scrambled eggs with fried rice 番茄炒蛋 fānqié chǎodàn
wonton soup (dumpling soup) 馄饨 hún tun

Drinks

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Ω Word List in Alphabetical Order:

alcoholic beverages jiǔ
beer 啤酒 píjiǔ
brandy 白兰地 bái lán dì
Chinese white spirits 白酒 bái jiǔ
coca cola 可口可乐 kě kǒu kě lè
coffee 咖啡 kāfēi
coffee (to make) 泡咖啡 pào kāfēi
drink (hot) 热饮 rè yǐn
drunk (to get) 喝醉 hē zuì
drunk  zuì

fruit juice 果汁 guǒ zhī
honey 蜂蜜 fēng mì

ice bīng
ice cubes 冰块 bīng kuài
lemonade 柠檬水 níng méng shuǐ
milk 牛奶 niúnǎi
milkshake 奶昔 nǎi xī

mineral water 矿泉水 kuàng quán shuǐ
Moutai (strong Chinese spirit) 茅台 Máo tái
orange juice 橙汁 chéng zhī
Pepsi 百事可乐 bǎi shì kě lè
soy milk 豆浆 dòu jiāng

soft drink 汽水 qì shuǐ
sprite 雪碧 xuě bì
tea chá
tea leaves 茶叶chá yè

tea (black) 红茶 hóng chá
tea (green) 绿茶 lǜ chá
tea (jasmine) 茉莉花茶 mò li huā chá
tea (to make) 泡茶 pào chá
tea pot 茶壶 chá hú
thermos flask (hot water dispenser) 热水瓶 rè shuǐ píng
thirsty 口渴 kǒu kě
water shuǐ
water (boiled) 开水 kāishuǐ
water (chilled) 冰水 bīng shuǐ
water (to boiled water) 烧水 shāo shuǐ
wine 葡萄酒 pútáojiǔ
wine - red 红葡萄酒 hóng pútaojiǔ
wine - white 白葡萄酒 bái pútaojiǔ

Utensils and Equipment

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Ω Word List in Alphabetical Order:

bowl wǎn
chopsticks 筷子 kuàizi
cup 杯子 bēizi
fork 叉子 chāzi
kettle 开水壶 kāishuǐhú
knife dāo
knife and fork 刀叉 dāo chā
microwave oven 微波炉 wéibōlú
napkin 餐巾 cānjīn
plate 盘子 pánzi
pot guō
spatula 锅铲 guōchǎn
spoon 勺子 sháozi
straw 吸管 xī guǎn

steamer basket 蒸笼 zhēng lóng
stove 炉子 lúzi
stove (electric) 电炉 diàn lú
stove (gas) 煤气炉 méiqìlú
tea cup 茶杯 chá bēi
tooth pick 牙签 yáqiān
wok 炒锅 chǎo guō

Cooking Methods

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Ω Word List in Alphabetical Order:

barbecue 烧烤 shāokǎo
boil in water (to) zhǔ
cook a meal (to) 做饭 zuò fàn
cook book 食谱 shí pǔ
fry (deep) zhá
fry (pan) jiān
steam (to) zhēng
stew (or simmer) dùn
stir-fry (or saute) chǎo

Seasonings

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Ω Word List in Alphabetical Order:

chili 辣椒 làjiāo
chili sauce 辣椒酱 làjiāo jiàng
curry 咖喱 gā lí
ketchup 番茄酱 fānqié jiàng
MSG 味精 wèi jīng

pepper 胡椒 hújiāo
salt yán
Sichuan pepper 花椒 huā jiāo

soy sauce 酱油 jiàngyóu
vinegar